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When you open snmpd.csproj in Visual Studio (or another IDE), you should first check what are its references.
There are several references you should pay attention to,
- SharpSnmpLib.Portable.dll and SharpSnmpLib.Full.dll are our #SNMP Library components.
Note that you might use iOS or Android specific files if targeting those platforms.
Facade, and Pipeline
We no longer need to construct an Agent
object, because that class is too old to be used. We try to construct an
is the facade that you should put on top. It is a very complex class that replaces our old
class. To construct it, we need: an
object, which contains all engine global objects; A
object, which monitors incoming SNMP message; An
, who manages the pipelines.
creates new pipelines when its pipeline pool is full of busy pipelines. The objects we pass to its constructor finally goes into each pipeline as they are shared among them (at this moment).
A pipeline is in fact an SnmpApplication
object. It has several processing phases and each phase utilizes a few helper classes, which you can extend.
An SNMP message captured by Listener
will be packaged as an
object. This context object is passed to the pipeline and processed in each phase to generate a correct response message.
About how to construct instances of each classes, you can refer to
Pipeline in Details
Currently we only have four phases in the pipeline,
- Request handler mapping
- Request handler executing
- Logging request
By checking the sample code you can see how the primary membership provider (ComposedMembershipProvider
) is created and added into the pipeline. The request is checked by the provider and dropped if it does not contain a proper
is a special membership provider, who allows you to support different SNMP versions. If you only target a specific version, you can use the version specific provider as primary one.
To customize authentication, make use of the existing providers or write your own.
Request handler mapping
For authenticated message, in this phase it is verified again and mapped to a message handler.
Message handlers are injected to the pipeline, too. So you can analyze app.config to know how many handlers are there already, and how each registers its interested message (SNMP version and verb).
For example, GetV1MessageHandler
is only interested in v1 GET messages, while
in v2 and v3 GET messages.
Carefully configure the existing handlers, you can achieve different SNMP engine configurations, so as to meet different requirements. You can write your own handlers to further customize the pipeline.
Request handler executing
Once a message handler is found for the message, in this phase the handler performs the requested operation and generate a response message.
You should notice that *V1MessageHandler
classes follow RFC 1157 specification to handle v1 messages, while other handler classes follow RFC 3416 to handle v2 and v3 messages.
In this phase the response message is sent back, while the logger logs the processing into log files.
After phase 4, the pipeline is reused by SnmpApplicationFactory
for future messages.
We may add an authorization phase to achieve user based authorization, but it is not yet designed and implemented.
ObjectStore and ISnmpObject
When a handler tries to do a typical SNMP operation, it looks into the
object to locate the specified object.
Currently we only have a few sample objects created, to test out the pipeline. You can find them under
If you want to write more objects, you can follow our sample ones.
is not yet thread safe, which will be improved in the future.
The SNMP engine is multi-threading by nature. Both the
instances utilize the default thread pool to handle requests asynchronously. Thus, it is a must to make sure the thread pool is optimized before requests come in.
Before calling SnmpEngine.Start
, it is recommended that the below code to be executed, which sets the minimal worker thread count to a suitable value.
int minWorker, minIOC;
// Get the current settings.
ThreadPool.GetMinThreads(out minWorker, out minIOC);
var threads = engine.Listener.Bindings.Count;
ThreadPool.SetMinThreads(threads + 1, minIOC);
If not tuned, the very first request to this agent will cost extra time (noticeably several seconds if there are too many bindings), as the operating system needs to create new threads before putting them into the thread pool.
The Last Words
You should take a look at MainForm.cs
and read what extra lines are required to configure the
object, how to start and stop it.
As the sample is released under MIT license, you can feel free to use it as a starting point of your own SNMP agent.
Our browser sample also uses the pipeline to handle trap messages, and once you are familiar with snmpd, you can switch to it to learn how to construct a browser side pipeline accordingly.
The pipeline greatly enhances our message processing infrastructure, and you should spare some time to go through its current status.
A lot of improvements will be provided in the future to further enhance this useful design.